Wrinkle formation is considered a natural phenomenon that occurs as age advances contributed by both internal and external factors that result in skin DNA damage and inflammation as a result of oxidative stress and reduced metabolic activity that reduces skin cell proliferation and collagen formation. As a result, various dietary supplements and skin care products have been formulated that contain natural ingredients that help in reducing wrinkle formation and early aging symptoms with proven efficacy and success. These include;
This is a compound belonging to the group of glycosaminoglycans produced naturally in the body which by various mechanisms is essential in maintaining normal skin health and function. This is based on its high moisture binding and retention capacity and its low molecular weight that enhances its ability to penetrate the skin surface which helps in eliminating anti-aging symptoms including wrinkles giving the skin a supple, enhanced and young appearance.
Using hyaluronic acid in routine skin care helps in protecting the skin from dehydration associated with sagging and wrinkle formation by limiting the amount of moisture lost through the skin. This helps in maintaining skin firmness, smoothness and suppleness eliminating wrinkles.
Exposure to unprotected sun rays and UV light increases skin wrinkle formation. The use of hyaluronic acid provides the skin with antioxidants that help in preventing free radicals formed as a result of oxidative stress that promote wrinkle formation on the skin.
Hyaluronic acid is also essential in promoting collagen and elastin formation which are skin proteins associated with moisture retention and protection. This helps in preventing skin wrinkles.
The skin is known to contain high levels of vitamin C for normal skin function and protection. However, advancement in age and exposure to UV radiations lowers the skin levels of vitamin C increasing the rate of skin wrinkle formation.
Topical application of vitamin C on the skin promotes collagen protein synthesis by enhancing the activity of hydroxylase enzymes that synthesize collagen and also stimulate collagen mRNA stabilization and production in fibroblast cells of the skin. This helps in preventing skin dehydration and thus preventing wrinkle formation.
Vitamin C is known to contain antioxidant properties that protect the skin against damage as a result of UV light associated free radical formation that results in wrinkle formation by preventing skin DNA damage and reducing the production of inflammatory mediators.
Vitamin C also promotes the synthesis and differentiation of keratinocytes which are cells on the skin that are associated with skin protection against UV light damage.
Coconut oilCoconut oil is obtained by extraction from raw coconuts which is available in edible and skin topical application forms and has been linked to protecting the skin against wrinkle formation due to its composition of essential fatty acids, lauric acid and vitamins A and E.
Vitamin A in coconut oil is essential in stimulating collagen formation on the skin. This helps in keeping the skin hydrated, firm and supple by preventing moisture loss thus reducing wrinkle formation on the skin.
Coconut oil is rich in antioxidants that are associated with preventing wrinkle formation as a result of skin damage due to exposure to UV radiation.
Topical application of coconut oil mimics skin sebum ha helps in lubricating, smoothening and preventing moisture loss from the skin. This helps in preventing wrinkles from occurring.
Coconut oil also contains vitamin E, lauric acid and essential fatty acids that prevent and repair skin damage by promoting the production of new cells on the skin. This helps in preventing wrinkle formation and promote young appearance.
RetinolThis is a synthetic type of vitamin A derivatives which when applied to the skin prevent skin wrinkle formation via various mechanisms.
Retinol is rich in antioxidants that help in preventing skin damage brought about by free radicle formation. This is effective in preventing wrinkle formation.
The use of retinol on the skin promotes collagen and elastin protein synthesis by fibroblasts cells that help in preventing skin dehydration and sagging thus inhibiting wrinkle formation.
Retinol promotes exfoliation of dead skin cells, increasing skin smoothness and brightness thus enhancing appearance.
However, the use of retinol in preventing wrinkle formation is associated with some side effects which include skin irritation, increased sensitivity to sunlight and skin reddening. To reduce these side effects, it is recommended to use lower concentrations of retinol and wearing sunscreen.